Everyone will scream out in their top voices CHARLES BABBAGE. But here we are excluding one of the main person who contributed much, much more than any one in the field of computing , ALAN TURING. A man known for his skills in cryptography. A cryptanalyst, logician,COMPUTER SCIENTIST and Mathematician.
He was never reckoned for his works during his age and after that. I think a lot of computer science engineers have only heard of him when they study about Turing machine. But everyone know Charles Babbage from the day they start studying Basic General Knowledge. Why he is not popular as other? Was it because he was a homosexual? Turing’s homosexuality resulted in a criminal prosecution in 1952 because homosexual acts were illegal in the United Kingdom at that time, and he accepted treatment with female hormones as an alternative to prison. May be this was the reason why he was never accepted as the father of computer science. But the truth is that he is the FATHER OF COMPUTER SCIENCE.
Let me ask Who Formulated the concept of “Algorithms” and “Computation“. The answer is fresh,raw and is “ALAN TURING“. Turing machine is the core in the creation of modern computers.
Alan Mathison Turing worked for the government code and cypher school at Bletchley Park, Britain’s codebreaking
centre. For a time he was head of HUT 8, the place where german Enigmas were broke. He was the main brain in breaking all the German Enigmas for England. i.e He saved millions of life by breaking those ciphers during the second world war. He used various techniques like Turing Bombe to break the german ciphers. After war he worked at National Physical Laboratory, where he created one of the first designs for a stored-program computer, the ACE (Automatic Computing Engine).
Alan Turing was born on june 23 1912.Alan Turing was conceived in Indai. His father, Julius Mathison Turing, was a member of the Indian Civil Service. Turing was taken to london becuse his mother Ethel Sara Stoney and julis wanted Turing to be brought up in England. He was naturally attracted to mathematics and science from his childhood. But those days were the black age of science and his headmaster didn’t apreciate it. He said if he is planning to be a scientist its an utter waste.(since at that time classics were given more importants :'( ).Despite this, Turing continued to show remarkable ability in the studies he loved, solving advanced problems in 1927 without having even studied elementary calculas. In 1928, aged 16, Turing encountered Albert Einstien’s work; not only did he grasp it, but he extrapolated Einstein’s questioning of Newton’s Law of Motion from a text in which this was never made explicit. His best friend During that time was Christopher Morcom who died in his childhood by drinking infected cow milk. This made Turing to be an atheist.
He died on june 7 1954 at the age of 41. Too young to die. Die?? Rather i would say killed, Killed by the government of those day who poisoned him with cyanide. Some or most say he committed suicide . He was cremated at Woking crematorium on 12 June 1954. Some belives Turing was re-enacting a scene from the 1937 film Snow White, his favourite fairy tale, pointing out that he took “an especially keen pleasure in the scene where the Wicked Witch immerses her apple in the poisonous brew.” What ever be it his death is still a mystery. And a loss to the field of computer science.
A man Who could have thrown so many brightness into the sphere of computer science was thrown to death by clowns in the government. What a LOSS TO COMPUTER SCIENCE. In August 2009, John Graham-Cumming started a petition urging the British Government to posthumously apologise to Alan Turing for prosecuting him as a homosexual.The petition received thousands of signatures.Prime Minister Gordon Brown acknowledged the petition, releasing a statement on 10 September 2009 apologising and describing Turing’s treatment as “appalling”. But can apologies after death take back all the sufferings and the loss to computer science society.
NOTE:-This post is not to Say that Charles Babbage had no role in computer science. But this is to show that a man named Alan Mathison Turing Existed.