Linux Mint is a rather new operating system based on Ubuntu , which is best known for its usability and ease of installation. For newbies, Linux Mint proves to be a better platform for their experiments among other ubuntu distributions. Linux mint comes with GNOME as its default desktop. Among all the ubuntu based distributions, linux mint is the most user friendly one. Linux mint has many software packages pre-installed, which come under a free software license. Its fast, like any other ubuntu distribution. It could be a perfect replacement for windows. Moreover it is the fourth popular operating system after Windows, Mac and Ubuntu. Though it is based on Ubuntu, linux mint is considered as a separate OS considering its differentiation from Ubuntu. Its totally free, because Linux Mint is funded by its community of users. It provides a visually appealing atmostphere to work on. It is a perfect linux solution for those who want to try linux, but have not yet done so.
Linux Mint started in 2006 with a beta release called 1.0 “Ada”. It was not much noticed. But by the release of the next version, i.e., “Barbara 2.0”, it got attention of much more people. Its latest release is Katya. It was released on 26 May 2011. Till now linux mint has released 11 versions including Katya.
|Version||Code name||Release date|
There are many new improvements as each version gets updated. Lets take a look at the features of linux mint 11.
- Provides a virus free environment
- Loads faster
- Requires less disk space to install
- Internet usage less in comparison with Xp
- Ensured web security
- Pre-installed software packages
- More aesthetic effects
- User friendly atmosphere
- Much faster file transfer
- Faster internet connectivity
- Auto update feature
- Fully equipped Control centre
- Terminal for command prompt
- Synaptic Package Manager
- The GIMP – free software replacement for Adobe Photoshop (pre installed)
- F-Spot – full-featured personal photo management application for the GNOME desktop
- Google Picasa – application for organizing and editing digital photos
- Firefox (pre installed)
- Flash Player 9 (pre installed)
- FileZilla – multithreaded FTP client
- Thunderbird – email and news client (pre installed)
- BitTornado – Bittorrent client
- Pidgin – multi-platform instant messaging client
- Google Earth
- Xchat IRC – IRC client (pre installed)
- OpenOffice Writer – replacement for Microsoft Word (pre installed)
- OpenOffice Calc – replacement for Microsoft Excel (pre installed)
- Adobe Reader
- Foxit reader
- GnuCash – double-entry book-keeping personal finance system, similar to Quicken
- Scribus – open source desktop publishing (DTP) application
Sound & Video:
- Amarok – audio player
- Audacity – free, open source, cross platform digital audio editor
- Banshee – audio player, can encode/decode various formats and synchronize music with Apple iPods
- Rhythmbox Music Player – audio player, similar to Apple’s iTunes, with support for iPods (pre installed)
- XMMS – audio player similar to Winamp
- dvd::rip – full featured DVD copy program
- Kino – free digital video editor
- Sound Juicer CD Extractor – CD ripping tool, supports various audio codecs
- VLC Media Player – media player (video/audio)
- Helix Player – media player, similar to the Real Player
- Totem – media player (video/audio)
- Xine – media player, supports various formats; can play DVDs
- GnomeBaker – CD/DVD burning program
- K3B – CD/DVD burning program
- Multimedia Codecs (pre installed)
- KompoZer – WYSIWYG HTML editor, similar to Macromedia Dreamweaver, but not as feature-rich (yet)
- Bluefish – text editor, suitable for many programming and markup languages
- Quanta Plus – web development environment, including a WYSIWYG editor
- Python – (pre installed)
How To Download and install Linux Mint
For installation you need to download the package from linux mint website.
- DVD 32-bit
- DVD 64-bit
- CD no codecs 32-bit
- CD no codecs 64-bit
- OEM 32-bit
- OEM 64-bit
Restart your computer. Before the booting starts, press the key which launches the bios setup. It will be F12, DEL key or some others.
After it has loaded, click Install Linux Mint.
Now the installation wizard launches, now the rest of the installation is done here. Select you language. Click Forward.
Now we come to the partitioning of our hard disk. Usually Erase and use the entire disk is a good choice, unless you need custom partitions and know what you’re doing. Erase and use the entire disk will create one big / partition for us:
This screen shows us a summary of the installation settings. Click on Install to start the installation.
The installation process is going on. It should finish soon.
Now installation has finished. Click restart now. And now its done. 🙂
Note : This is for installing linux mint alone. It deletes all your data in your hard disk. If you want to dual boot it with another operating system, then check out our tutorial – How to dual boot Windows and Linux Mint?